Whom discoverd radioactive dating
By measuring the C concentration or residual radioactivity of a sample whose age is not known, it is possible to obtain the number of decay events per gram of Carbon.
By comparing this with modern levels of activity (1890 wood corrected for decay to 1950 AD) and using the measured half-life it becomes possible to calculate a date for the death of the sample. As a result of atomic bomb usage, C ages of objects younger than 1950.
Willard Libby and his colleague Ernest Anderson showed that collected from sewage works had measurable radiocarbon activity whereas methane produced from petroleum did not.
Perseverance over three years of secret research to develop the radiocarbon method came into fruition and in 1960 Libby received the Nobel Prize for chemistry for turning his vision into an invaluable tool.
Shortly after Becquerel's find, Marie Curie, a French chemist, isolated another highly radioactive element, .
The realisation that radioactive materials emit rays indicated a constant change of those materials from one element to another.
Any material which is composed of carbon may be dated.
For the first time he was able to exactly measure the age of a uranium mineral.
This method dates the formation or time of crystallisation of the mineral that is being dated; it does not tell when the elements themselves were formed.
It is best used with rocks that contain minerals that crystallised over a very short period, possibly at the same time the rock was formed.
The Potassium-Argon dating method is the measurement of the accumulation of Argon in a mineral.
It is based on the occurrence of a small fixed amount of the radioisotope Ar with a half-life of about 1,300 million years.